Using Media Content in OppiaMobile Courses

When a user installs a course containing media content (audio/video), the actual media aren’t included in the course download content. The reason for this is that media files tend to be very large and users on slow connections are unlikely to be able to download large media files.

If a course contains media files that aren’t available on the users phone, on the app homepage a message will appear that some media content is missing.

Optimize your media

Users viewing videos on a 4 or 5 inch screen generally don’t need really high quality as you may want to use if projecting the video. At Digital Campus, we usually convert videos into .m4v format using Handbrake (https://handbrake.fr/ - an open source tool and works on most platforms)

How to embed media files in OppiaMobile courses

The method you can use to embed media in your course depends on the version of the Moodle Oppia Export Block that you are using.

Oppia Export Block below v1.2.0

  1. Upload the converted media to the OppiaMobile server (under the menu Upload -> Media), this will then provide the embed code to put directly in the page content in Moodle.

Oppia Export Block v1.2.0 and above

  1. On the page content you are editing, use the upload media button in the Moodle page text editor:

    ../_images/moodle-media-embed.png

    From the pop-up window, select the ‘Video’ tab, then click the ‘Browse repositories’ button:

    ../_images/insert-media.png

    Then select ‘Upload a file’:

    ../_images/upload-file.png

    Choose the file to upload and click ‘Upload this file’

    To add a poster/thumbnail image to your video (this is the image that users will see in the Oppia app and will click on to start the video), select ‘Display Options’ and upload a poster/thumbnail of the video:

    ../_images/add-poster.png

    Then click on the ‘Insert Media’ button

  2. The export process will automatically handle uploading the media to the Oppia server

Note

If you don’t add a poster/thumbnail when you upload the video, on exporting to Oppia you will see a warning message and in the app just a text link to ‘Play video’ will appear, rather than an image.

How can users get the media files

There are two options for getting the media content onto users phones:

  1. Download the media files directly onto the users SD card. This is most likely the best option for projects which are providing phones to users as the video files can be pre-loaded
  2. Download via the app. When the app flags up that a video file is missing, then the user can download directly to their phone. This is only likely to be feasible to users who are connected to wifi. So by default users will only be able to download video files directly if they are connected to a wifi network. This can be overridden in the app settings to allow downloading of video files by allowing downloading using cellular network.

Manually creating the embed code (deprecated from v1.2.0 onwards)

Should you really want to, you can create the media embed code by hand:

  1. Generate the md5 checksum for your media. All operating systems will allow you to generate an md5 checksum of a file. The md5 is essentially a unique code to identify a file and it’s contents. We use this for the media, so when a user download the media on their phone the app can verify they have the complete media (and no broken/partial downloads) and the correct media.

  2. Now you have md5 and the file uploaded to a server you can embed your media into your page on Moodle using the following code:

    [[media object='{“filename”:”ghmp-basic-skills-20121001.m4v”,
                            ”download_url”:”http://downloads.digital-campus.org/media/pnc/ghmp-basic-skills-20121001.m4v”,
                            ”digest”:”3ec4d8ab03c3c6bd66b3805f0b11225b”}’]]IMAGE/TEXT HERE[[/media]]
    

    Just update the filename, download_url and digest (md5) to match your video file details.

  3. You can replace the IMAGE/TEXT HERE with either some text or a screenshot of you video. When your course is exported from Moodle, the export script will use the supplied information to ensure the user downloads the correct video.

  4. You optionally supply a filesize (in bytes) and length (in seconds) as follows:

    [[media object='{“filename”:”ghmp-basic-skills-20121001.m4v”,
                                         ”download_url”:”http://downloads.digital-campus.org/media/pnc/ghmp-basic-skills-20121001.m4v”,
                                         ”digest”:”3ec4d8ab03c3c6bd66b3805f0b11225b”,
                                         “filesize”:312345657,
                                         “length”:360}’]]IMAGE/TEXT HERE[[/media]]
    

    Adding a filesize will inform the user how large the file is before they try to download and the length will be used to determine whether a user has watched the whole video (or not).